Fullerene can be called the third carbon allotrope. It comes in line with graphite and diamond and as such exhibits certain properties that set it apart from its sister allotropes. Fullerenes are also called Buckminsterfullerene due to their unique shape that reminds one of Buckminster Fuller’s geometric architectural designs.
Some of the unique properties of this carbon allotrope are-
1- They are superconductors
The molecular structure of fullerenes makes it a wonderful superconductor. Since they exhibit the property of sharing electrons extensively, they are great for conducting electricity.
2- Super radical scavengers
Fullerenes are radical scavengers and exhibit a high level of antioxidant activity. This makes it a potential ingredient in different composites. C60 Fullerenes also exhibit high scavenging properties.
3- Extremely durable
Fullerenes have been discovered to be extremely durable. As antioxidants, they are more durable than vitamin C and astaxanthin.
4- Modifiable structure
Some of the biological properties of fullerenes are that they are indefinitely modifiable, inert and hollow. This makes the applicable use of fullerenes endless, especially in the field of medicine and science.
The photovoltaic properties of fullerenes have made it a focus in the study of the efficient use and harnessing of solar energy. A lot of progress has been made in solar panel devices through the use of fullerenes.
These properties of fullerenes make them a compound with unlimited applications. So far Fullerenes have successfully been used for the following with the potential to be developed further.
Fullerenes are used in
2- Artificial photosynthesis
3- Medicinal applications
4- Surface coatings
6- Fibers and Fabrics
As studies continue in the field of nanoparticles, fullerenes have taken a forefront in the research due to the various properties it exhibits. C60 fullerenes, the most popular form of fullerenes are an even bigger focus of study. Fullerene is being manufactured by many companies today. You can learn more about fullerenes through books available on site.